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澳洲留学生作业代写:专门化和国际贸易的优势和劣势

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摘要:本文是澳洲留学生作业代写,主要内容是分析当前专门化和国际贸易在国际业务和严格审查的优势和劣势等方面。并且对相关文献理论文献进行回顾。
专门化和国际贸易的优点和缺点
Benefits and drawbacks of specialisation and international trade

本文旨在为读者提供信息的最重要的两种方式专门化和国际贸易在国际业务和严格审查的优点和缺点的。此外,还提出了一些论点,有利于世界各地的自由贸易的概念。
此外,本文包括关键要素,如相关主题的背景,国际商业经济相关理论的批判性回顾,其次是调查结果和结论。

Introduction 简介
This essay aims at providing the reader with information on the two prime ways in which international business transpires and critically examines the benefits and drawbacks of specialisation and international trade. Moreover, some arguments have been put forward in favour of the concept of free trade around the globe.

Furthermore the essay comprises of critical elements such as the background of the related topics, critical review of relevant theories of international business economics followed by findings and conclusions.

Literature Review 文献综述
Globalisation
(Mmieh, 2010) refers to globalization as the augmentation set of inter-reliant relationships amongst people from dissimilar parts of the earth that happens to be divided into nations. The term sometimes may also consign to the amalgamation of world economies through the diminution of barriers to the movement of trade, capital, technology and people.

The unavoidability of globalization for organizations is very well advocated by distinguished management guru, peter ducker in his management challenges for the 21st century. All organizations have to make global competitiveness a deliberate goal. No organization whether a business, hospital of university can anticipate surviving, let alone to do well, except it measures up to the standards set by influential people in its field, in any place in the world. This is surely because of the upward trend towards a borderless world, appreciation to the continuing liberalization (Cherunilam, 2007).

Moreover (Cherunilam, 2007) states that globalization is frequently a must because a corporation that fails to go international is in the menace of losing its familial business to its local competitors with inferior costs, superior experience, enhanced products and in a nutshell, extra value for the customer. Determined by the omnipresent economic liberalizations, nationalized economies are becoming more and more sovereign and integrated and the world economy and business are becoming more and more globalised.

Mercantilism 商业主义
(Cullen, 2010) states that at some stage in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the general idea was that trade among countries was a zero-sum fixture. A zero-sum game is like a tennis match: when one player gains a point, the other player loses. In the mercantilism philosophy, the purpose between-country trade was to encourage a country to win by exporting more than it's imported. Such a trade belief flourished at an era of nation-building and the anticipation that each state would accrue as much gold and silver as possible. At that point in time, Gold and silver was the legal tender of trade, and countries that exported more than they imported accumulated more gold and silver. One countries win was another countries loss. Economists call this surplus of exports over imports a favourable balance of trade (Cullen, 2010).

Absolute Advantage 绝对优势
(Cullen, 2010) mentions that in 1776, Adam Smith made available his famous book, The Wealth of Nations.2 In this book, he hit the mercantilism belief that the amount of wealth in the worldis preset and trade superfluous or shortfalls are a zero-sum game where a trading nation must win at the other nations cost. Smith disputes that the world's wealth is not permanent because when countries connect in international trade, global output augments. This happens because each country does what they do mainly well and pass on the gains from this competence to all trading nations. (Cullen, 2010).

Therefore, a nation possesses absolute advantage in the production of a good when it takes less units of labour to produce the good than another nation. According to Smith, for the globe to do good from absolute advantages, a nation should fabricate goods for which it possess absolute advantage and trade in those goods in which it has absolute disadvantage. (Cullen, 2010)

Complementing this, (Mmieh, 2010) mentions that a nation is supposed to have absolute advantage in the fabrication of given commodity when it is more proficient than another nation. Moreover, it means that country A can fabricate more of an exacting commodity with a given quantity of supply that the country B.

Comparative Advantage 比较优势
Within every meticulous country, the companies do some things better than they do other things. That means, a country may be twofold as good at manufacturing electronics as it is at growing vegetables. Another country may be superior at growing vegetables than at manufacturing electronics. The rule of comparative advantage explains how these virtual disparities amongst nations can pilot to advantageous trade between nations (Cullen, 2010).

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本文TAGS: 留学生作业 留学生论文 assignment代写 澳洲 国际贸易

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